The Moscow Kremlin is the oldest part of the city, a symbol of the Russian nationality, one of the largest architectural ensembles in the world. It is the main social, political, religious and historical complex of the Moscow, the official residence of the President of the Russian Federation. The Moscow Kremlin is located on the left bank of the Moskva River — on the Borovitsky Hill — at the confluence of the Neglinnaya River. The first settlement on the site of the Kremlin appeared about 4,000 years ago. The place of the construction of the Kremlin was not chosen by chance. High location allowed the Kremlin to see enemies from a distance, and the river served as a natural barrier on their way. The Kremlin was originally made of wood. There was built an earthen wall for greater reliability around the walls. The remains of the fortifications was discovered during construction work nowadays. The first wooden wall on the place of the Kremlin was built in 1156 under decree of Prince Yuri Dolgorukiy. This data is preserved in the ancient chronicles. In the early 14th century, the city was governed by Prince Ivan Kalita. He decided to decorate and enhance the city and ordered to build the new walls. During the governing of Dmitry Donskoy, there were built stone walls in the Kremlin. It was built of limestone, which was mined in quarries near Moscow. The Kremlin so impressed contemporaries with beauty of its white walls, that since then Moscow was called the white-stone. The white-stone Kremlin stood for more than 100 years. During that time, much has changed. Russian lands were united into one strong state. The next governor, Ivan III, invited the best Russian masters and famous Italian architects to start the new construction. The builders were constructing the new Kremlin piece by piece not to leave the city without a castle: the old section of white stone walls was demolished, and on its place was built a new one — made of bricks. In the early 16th century, there was dug a wide ditch in the third part of the Kremlin. So the Kremlin was protected all around by water hazards. Along with renovation of the Kremlin walls, there were constructed such famous cathedrals of the Kremlin as the Assumption Cathedral, Cathedral of the Archangel and Cathedral of the Annunciation. After the coronation of the Romanovs the construction of the Kremlin continued at heightened pace. There were built the Filaret Belfry next to the bell tower of Ivan the Great, the Terem and Fun Palaces, the Patriarch's Palace, the Cathedral of the Twelve Apostles and the Arsenal. During the Napoleonic invasion, the Kremlin was damaged. There were vandalized and looted the churches, during the retreat, there were blown up parts of the walls, towers and buildings. During 1816-1819 the Kremlin was restored. During the October Revolution, the Kremlin was bombarded. Under the Soviet regime, there were constructed the Kremlin Palace of Congresses, established stars in the towers, placed on pedestals the Tsar Cannon and Tsar Bell and repeatedly restored the walls and buildings of the Kremlin.
Excursions with The Moscow Kremlin
Moscow City Tour is a good chance to get acquainted with the largest city in Russia. During the city tour you will see all the major sights including the Red Square, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, the Novodevichiy Convent, Poklonnaya and Vorobi
During the tour of Moscow, the capital of Russia, you will see all the major sights including Red Square, Novy Arbat Street, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, Poklonnaya Mountain with the extensive Victory Park that was laid down to commemorate WWI
You are welcome to take a unique tour of the Moscow Kremlin open-air museum-reserve. During the guided tour you will have an opportunity to enjoy the historical monuments, such as the Great Kremlin Palace and the Arsenal building, see the trophy weap
We offer you to make a tour of the most exciting sights of the Russian capital. In the course of the excursion you will learn many interesting facts about Russian history, get acquainted with the legendary places of Moscow and admire the treasures of
You are welcome to take a unique tour of the Kremlin, during which you will have an opportunity to enjoy the historical monuments such as the Great Kremlin Palace and Arsenal building, see the trophy weapons of the war of 1812 and admire the cathedra