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Peter and Paul Fortress, Saint Petersburg

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City photos Peter and Paul Fortress
City photos Peter and Paul Fortress
City photos Peter and Paul Fortress
City photos Peter and Paul Fortress
City photos Peter and Paul Fortress
City photos Peter and Paul Fortress
City photos Peter and Paul Fortress
City photos Peter and Paul Fortress
The Peter and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg, located on small Hare Island, is the historic core of the city. The history of St. Petersburg begins with the history of the fortress. Since 1700 Russia had been fighting the Northern War against Sweden. By 1703 the lands by the Neva River were conquered. To protect them from the attacks of the Swedes it was necessary to find a lodgement here. The fortress was founded on Hare Island 16 (27) May 1703 by joint plan of Peter I and French engineer Joseph-Gaspard Lambert de Guerin. This day is considered to be the day of foundation of St. Petersburg. The fortress is a stretching from west to east hexagon, at the corners of which are located six bastions. The Peter's Gate on the east side, designed by Domenico Trezzini, remained since the time of Peter I. The Peter and Paul Cathedral, the burial place of Russian emperors and the monument of Petrine Baroque, was completed after the death of the emperor, in 1733. The weathervane as a golden angel with a cross, located on the spire of the cathedral, is one of the main symbols of the city. There were buried members of the Romanov family: Emperors and Empresses, 26 grand dukes and duchesses in the cathedral. In the chapel of St. Catherine in 1998 were buried the remains of the last Russian Emperor Nicholas II and his family, executed by shooting in Yekaterinburg in 1918. On the opposite side of the cathedral, there is the Mint building, constructed in the time of Paul I by architect A. Porto. Coinage was moved to the fortress in the time of Peter I as the most protected part of the city. The Peter and Paul Fortress has never directly participated in hostilities. From the very beginning of its existence it was used as the main political prison in Russia. One of the first prisoners of the fortress became Tsarevich Alexei. There were also kept in prison Decembrists and members of Petrashevsky Circle and the People’s Freedom in the Secret House of the Alekseevsky Ravelin. In 1872, there was built a prison in the Trubetskoy bastion, where up to 1917 were kept about 1,500 political prisoners. Since 1924, the Peter and Paul Fortress has been a part of the Museum of the History of St. Petersburg.

Excursions with Peter and Paul Fortress

Saint-Petersburg is often referred to as Venice of the North. Like the Italian city, the Northern capital of Russia boasts wondrous architecture, splendid museums and vibrant lifestyle. Born from the sea foam and specifically designed as a gateway of

Price from: 29

Get a glimpse of what St. Petersburg looked like more than 300 years ago during our 4-hour city tour with a visit to Peter and Paul’s fortress. Our City Tour provides a unique opportunity to get familiar with one of the most beautiful cities in Euro

Price from: 32

Explore one of Europe’s most beautiful cities and visit one of its most picturesque sights. You’ll see magnificent Nevsky Prospect, beautiful views of rivers, channels and bridges of “Venice of the North”, marvelous cathedrals, splendid palaces of t

Price from: 34

Do not miss your chance to get a first glance at the stronghold of Empire ambiance, the royal city of St. Peterburg. During our city tour you will have a look at its prominent sights and monuments, elegant ships cruising under massive brigdes of Neva

Price from: 34

A relatively young city, St. Petersburg was founded in 1703, and has been playing key role in the history of Russia ever since. Our sightseeing tour will acquaint you with the main architectural and historical monuments of Saint Petersburg. You will

Price from: 22

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St. Petersburg occupies the first place in Russia and one of the leading places in the world for the number of bridges. The elegance of the draw bridges can be compared only to the beauty of the city architectural ensembles. The bridges of St. Peter

Price from: 46

This excursion introduces the history of the construction of the Peter and Paul Fortress and tells about the importance of the fortress for the occurrence and initial construction of St. Petersburg. The Peter and Paul Fortress is presented as a first

Price from: 32