The Volokolamsk Kremlin


Volokolamsk is a town of regional subordination located in the Moscow Region of Russia, the administrative center of Volokolamsk District. The town was first mentioned in the Laurentian Chronicle in 1135 as Volok on the Lama River. So, Volokolamsk is the oldest town in the Moscow Region: its age exceeds the age of Moscow for 12 years. Volokolamsk is located on the hills, separated by creeks and ravines. In the city center, on the highest hill, on the site of the ancient city, there is the Volokolamsk Kremlin — a monument of culture, history, and architecture. The architectural ensemble of the Kremlin includes several buildings. 

The white stone Cathedral of the Resurrection was built in 1462-1494 years on the church's site, founded in the XII century. The Cathedral features fragments of paintings by the famous painter Dionysius, dating back to the XV century. It is a four-pillar domed cathedral, a rare example of the architecture of the end of the XV century. The arches and the cupola were rebuilt in the 1690s, the tiered bell tower — in 1888. In the summertime, one can come up to the tower and enjoy a magnificent view. 

The architectural complex of the Volokolamsk Kremlin also includes the St. Nicholas Cathedral, built of red brick in the second half of the XIX century. This one-dome four-pillar Cathedral of Newtonian style with side chapels. This cathedral is the monument in memory of the Crimean War. In 1980, the cathedral was restored, and now there is a museum. The museum exhibition contains materials of the history of the region, starting with the IV century BC. The most interesting is the history of the formation of Volokolamsk, exposition materials of the life of St. Joseph Volotsky, the emergence of the Joseph-Volokolamsk Monastery of the XV century, the history of the noble estates. The grand exhibition is devoted to World War II, the Battle of Volokolamsk, and battles for Moscow.

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