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HomeWhat to doTravel Russia by TrainFAQThe different carriages classes in Russian trains

The different carriages classes in Russian trains

In the Russian railway system are different kinds of trains.

The seating trains are usually used for short distances and the seats can be compared to those of a plane.

Additionally they are used for the type “express train” which goes very fast. The usual routes for those are St.Petersburg-Helsinki (Allegro); Nizhniy Novgorod-Moscow-Saint Petersburg (Sapsan). On our website you can find further information on Sapsan trains.


Below we want to give you some understanding of the different classes in long-distance trains (sleeper trains)

Sleeper train

It is very common that trains in Russia for longer distances are sleeper trains. They offer you to sleep during the long trip which makes it very comfortable. Every train arrives early in the morning to make sure that you can still use that day wisely. These trains have two different types: standard and fast. The fast trains have less stops than the standard ones.

You should always make sure to book a bunk for your ride that you will have the chance to sleep.

You can buy a ticket with or without ‘services’ which include a lunchbox, newspapers and a hygiene set.

It is usual to have a board restaurant in the train.


Usually the trains have three classes:

1) First class: most modern and comfortable one (9 separate cabins and 2 toilets)

First class scheme:

A corridor in the first class:

Two bunks are in every cabin and a table. Usually the bunks are both low.

Sometimes you may find two bunks one upon the other.


-Two berths

-Adjustable table between beds

-Reading lights

-Storage place

-Sliding door

2) The name of the second class is ‘coupe’ and has nine separate compartments.

A corridor in the second class:

The cabin has four beds (two low and two high) and a table:


-Two berths low and two berths high

-Adjustable table between beds

-Reading lights

-Storage place (shelves upon the door, under the bunks, racks on the wall)

-Sliding door

There are special compartments only for women or only for men for your safety and comfort.

3) The name of the third class is ‘Platskart’ and the cheapest one on the train

The total amount of bunks is 54 with 4 beds on one side and 2 on the other and an aisle between them. At every end of the car you may find toilet rooms.

It is not a very comfortable class on the train because you don’t have any privacy and it is always very noisy, but it helps you to save your money on the train tickets.

Third class carriage:

Bunks are over and under the window and the low bunk functions as a table as well.


-Four berths (two high and two low)

-Storage place (shelves upon the door, under the bunks, racks on the wall)

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