Quick facts about Russia

  • Location

    Eastern Europe and Northern Asia, bordering the Arctic Ocean, between Europe and the North Pacific Ocean. Largest country in the world in terms of area; Mount Elbrus is Europe's tallest peak in Europe.

  • Geographic coordinates

    60 00 N, 100 00 E

  • Area

    total: 17,075,200 sq km

    water: 79,400 sq km

    land: 16,995,800 sq km

  • Land boundaries

    total: 19,990 km

    border countries: Azerbaijan 284 km, Belarus 959 km, China (southeast) 3,605 km, China (south) 40 km, Estonia 294 km, Finland 1,313 km, Georgia 723 km, Kazakhstan 6,846 km, North Korea 19 km, Latvia 217 km, Lithuania (Kaliningrad Oblast) 227 km, Mongolia 3,485 km, Norway 196 km, Poland (Kaliningrad Oblast) 206 km, Ukraine 1,576 km

  • Coastline

    37,653 km

  • Climate

    ranges from humid continental in much of European Russia through steppes in the south; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast.

  • Terrain

    broad plain with low hills west of Urals; vast coniferous forest and tundra in Siberia; uplands and mountains along southern border regions.

  • Elevation extremes

    lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m

    highest point: Elbrus mountain 5,633 m

  • Natural resources

    wide natural resource base including major deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, and many strategic minerals, timber.

  • People in Russia

    Population: 144,978,573 (July 2002 est.)

    Ethnic groups: Russian 81.5%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 3%, Chuvash 1.2%, Bashkir 0.9%, Belarusian 0.8%, Moldavian 0.7%, other 8.1%

    Religions: Russian Orthodox, Muslim, other.

    Languages: Russian, other.

  • Russian Government type


  • Capital


  • Administrative divisions

    49 oblasts (, 21 republics*, 10 autonomous okrugs, 6 krays, 2 federal cities, and 1 autonomous oblast)

  • National holiday

    Russia Day, 12 June (1990)

  • Constitution

    adopted 12 December 1993

  • Legal system

    based on civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts

  • Flag description

    three equal horizontal bands of white (top), blue, and red

  • National Emblem

    double eagle

  • Symbol

    a bear

  • Economy-overview

    Russia is struggling to establish a modern market economy, modernize its industrial base, and maintain strong economic growth.

  • Ports and harbors

    Aleksandrovsk-Sakhalinsky, Arkhangelsk, Astrakhan, De-Kastri, Indigirskiy, Kaliningrad, Kandalaksha, Kazan, Khabarovsk, Kholmsk, Krasnoyarsk, Lazarev, Mago, Mezen', Moscow, Murmansk, Nakhodka, Nevelsk, Novorossiysk, Onega, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, Rostov, Shakhtersk, Saint Petersburg, Sochi, Taganrog, Tuapse, Uglegorsk, Vanino, Vladivostok, Volgograd, Vostochniy, Vyborg

  • Airports

    2,743 in total (2001)

  • Places of tourist and cultural interest

    Moscow, Saint Petersburg and suburbs, Golden Ring cities, main centers on Volga river, Black Sea and Caucasus mountains resorts...

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