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The Great Gostiny Dvor, Saint Petersburg

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City photos The Great Gostiny Dvor
City photos The Great Gostiny Dvor
The Great Gostiny Dvor in St. Petersburg is a monument of history and architecture of the XVIII century, since the beginning of the XX century, it has been the main department store store of the city. The building was constructed by architect Jean-Baptiste Vallin de la Mothe. The Great Gostiny Dvor is included in the list of the UNESCO World Heritage sites. Such department stores in St. Petersburg had existed almost since the creation of the city and played a significant role in the life of the capital. The forerunner of the store became the Gostiny Dvor at the Green Bridge. When a fire in 1738 burned it down, it was decided not to restore the old building and build a new store closer to the border of the city. The Gostiny Dvor was established as the largest retail space in the Russian Empire. The history of its creation begins with the decree of Empress Elizabeth in 1748 of the construction of the one-storey arcade with galleries. In 1752, the store was conceived as a two-storey building. In 1757, the was approved the project by Rastrelli. By his project the building had to be richly decorated with moldings and sculptures. The construction began in 1757, but funding issues delayed the project and in the end it was reconsidered. In the end, Jean-Baptiste Vallin de la Mothe became the author of the arcade. He kept the general layout by Rastrelli and constructed the building in the early classicism style. The construction has been continuing for more than twenty years — from 1761 to 1785. In the 1840s, the Gostiny Dvor became one of the first buildings, where the gas lighting was installed. During the war the building was severely damaged by bombing and shelling. In 1945-1948 the Gostiny Dvor was restored. The restoration of the building was carried out under direction of the famous Leningrad architect O. Lyalin. The was planted a linden alley along the main facade on Nevsky Prospekt. In 1955-1967, there was a new reconstruction of the building. Architects I. Wachs and L. Katonin and engineer M. Yunoshev turned isolated stores into a through-suite. The Great Gostiny Dvor became the main department store of Leningrad. November 3, 1967, the subway station was opened in the building. The ground lobby, constructed in the building of the department store, was made by architects A. Andreev, Y. Moskalenko, and engineer S. Shchukin. From the lobby you can get into trading rooms of Nevskaya and Sadovaya lines. Nowadays, there are presented products of more than 3000 companies, 170 thousand varieties and nearly two million units of various goods. Every day about 300,000 customers make purchases in the Great Gostiny Dvor.

Excursions with The Great Gostiny Dvor

Get a glimpse of what St. Petersburg looked like more than 300 years ago during our 4-hour city tour with a visit to Peter and Paul’s fortress. Our City Tour provides a unique opportunity to get familiar with one of the most beautiful cities in Euro

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Do not miss your chance to get a first glance at the stronghold of Empire ambiance, the royal city of St. Peterburg. During our city tour you will have a look at its prominent sights and monuments, elegant ships cruising under massive brigdes of Neva

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A relatively young city, St. Petersburg was founded in 1703, and has been playing key role in the history of Russia ever since. Our sightseeing tour will acquaint you with the main architectural and historical monuments of Saint Petersburg. You will

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St. Petersburg occupies the first place in Russia and one of the leading places in the world for the number of bridges. The elegance of the draw bridges can be compared only to the beauty of the city architectural ensembles. The bridges of St. Peter

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