The Historical Museum was founded by order of the emperor Alexander II in 1872. The project of its construction was designed by architects Shervud and Semenov. The museum building stands in the most center of Moscow – on the Red Square, facing Saint Basil's Cathedral. It and was constructed in 1876-1881.
State Historical Museum is the central national museum in Russia. Here you can find historical artifacts and monuments from ancient till modern times. It's the most important cultural and science center.
Historical Museum completed its final exposure in 2006. There are 39 halls located on two floors where the history of Russia is represented from the oldest days to the beginning of the 20th century.
The exhibition starts on the second floor. Here you will find exhibits on different periods of Russian history: primitive community, Ancient Russia, fragmentation period, struggle with foreign invaders, merging of the country, its culture, and exploration of Sibir. Exhibition about Russia history of the period since Peter I era: politics, culture, and economics of Russian Empire - is situated on the third floor.
The collection of the State Historical Museum consists of archeological findings, manuscripts, early printed books, ancient icons, weaponry and jewelry, glass and ceramics masterpieces, examples of national clothing, and many other objects. Here you can also find belongings of Tsars such as Ivan IV the Terrible, Peter I, and the belongings of the representatives of the House of Romanov.
Those who like painting will be pleased to watch the work of many famous painters.
There are nearly 22 thousand objects in the area of 4 thousand meters, and to walk around the whole exhibition, one should overcome more almost 3 km.