The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is the main cathedral of the Russian Orthodox church located near the Kremlin on the left bank of the Moskva River. It is the largest cathedral of the Russian Church designed for 10 000 people, built in the tradition of Russian-Byzantine style and enjoyed broad support of the state in the start of construction. The structure of a modern complex of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour includes the Upper Church, actually the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, and the Lower Church, Transfiguration Church, built in the memory of the Alexis Convent. The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow was built as gratitude to God for help and intercession in the difficult period of Russian history — during the War of 1812. This is a monument to the Russian people for their courage and heroism. The author of the first project was architect Alexander Vitberg. October 12, 1817 there was the solemn laying of the church on the Sparrow Hills. The building was to consist of three parts — the Incarnation, the Transfiguration and the Resurrection. Soon the ground of the hill began to sink under the weight of the constructing building. Emperor Nicholas I, found the project by Vitberg unsuccessful and unworkable. In 1832, Konstantin Thon was appointed as the architect. It was decided to begin construction near the Kremlin, on the site of a former Alexis Convent, that was to be destroyed. At that time one of the nuns of the destroyed convent said that the new church would not stay there for more than 50 years. September 10, 1839 the church building was laid. In 1860, the cathedral was first brought before the Muscovites. May 26, 1883 the cathedral was consecrated. Since 1918, the the cathedral completely lost support of the state, and December 5, 1931 was destroyed by order of Joseph Stalin. The predictions of the nun came true — the cathedral had been staying for 48 years. In 1958-1960 there was constructed a swimming pool in place of the pit formed after explosion. In the late 1980s, there was created a social movement for the revival of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour. At night of 6 to 7 of January, 2000, the shrine was restored. The Divine Liturgy was held here in honor of two thousand years after the birth of Christ. August 19, 2000, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Alexy II performed the complete consecration of the shrine in honor of the birth of Christ.
Excursions with Cathedral of Christ the Saviour
Moscow City Tour is a good chance to get acquainted with the largest city in Russia. During the city tour you will see all the major sights including the Red Square, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, the Novodevichiy Convent, Poklonnaya and Vorobi
During the tour of Moscow, the capital of Russia, you will see all the major sights including Red Square, Novy Arbat Street, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, Poklonnaya Mountain with the extensive Victory Park that was laid down to commemorate WWI
You are welcome to take a unique tour of the Kremlin, during which you will have an opportunity to enjoy the historical monuments such as the Great Kremlin Palace and Arsenal building, see the trophy weapons of the war of 1812 and admire the cathedra