1. Central Armed Forces Museum of Russian Federation was established in 1919, and got a new building not so long ago, on May 8, 1965. It is curated by Ministry of Defence of Russian Federation. The idea to establish a museum for celebrating Russian war forces came to its founders when troops of the military leader Anton Ivanovich Denikin were demolished, and the crisis of Russian Civil War was left behind. It was really a challenge to keep the Central Armed Forces Museum displays safe during Great Patriotic War (1941-1945) but people who worked here used all those things to raise the soldiers’ spirit.
Now exhibits of the museum take 24 halls in the building located on Soviet Army street in the center of Moscow. There are almost a million exhibits there. Among them are battle and trophy flags, photos, documents, military awards and decorations, weapons and personal belongings of officers, soldiers and famous commanders. Also there is an outside exhibition as well. On the open platform close to Ekaterininsk park (not far away from Olimpiysky sport complex) one can see about 150 units of different kinds of military equipment — artillery, armored, missile, aircraft, marine. There are for example Russian Civil war era tanks, and modern strategic rockets as well.
Central Armed Forces Museum is visited by a million guests a year. The entrance ticket is not so expensive, for now it costs only 150 rubles. The museum is open from 10 a.m. till 5 p.m. Wednesday to Sunday.
2.Outer space and Russia are two inseparable essences. Everybody knows the most famous Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin who was the first person to enter outer space on April 12, 1961. Museum of Aviation and Cosmonautics, or just Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics was opened to celebrate the 20th anniversary of Gagarin’s flight, although the history of the museum began in 1964, when Monument to the Conquerors of Space was erected in Moscow. Because the museum is located just in the very heart of this monument, right in its stylobate.
The first exhibits of the Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics were at the same time the first evidences of Russia’s space triumph. Space-suits, artificial Earth’s satellites, space vehicles for research of the Moon and Solar system planets were among those exhibits. In 2006, the museum was closed for reconstruction which had lasted for three years. The Museum of Cosmonautics was re-opened in 2009 in a new format, and the exhibition space became four times larger. Now the exhibition takes eight halls, and the museum has one cinema hall, and a conference hall as well.
The exhibition includes more than 93 thousand units which are now pieces of art, stamps, and coins as well. The museum is opened from 10 a.m. till 7 p.m. from Tuesday to Sunday, and on Thursday it’s opened till 9 p.m.
3. Gorky’s House is one of the best buildings located in the center of Moscow, in its old part, close to the Boulevard Ring. It was build by famous Russian architect Fyodor Shekhtel for another well-known person, the millionaire Sergey Ryabushinsky, the founder of the first automobile plant in Russia. Ryabushinsky had been living there till the 1917 revolution, and then left for emigration. The house was recalled by city’s authorities and granted to Russian writer Maxim Gorky after he returned to Moscow from Sorrento where he was on treatment. There, Gorky had been living from 1932 through to his death in 1936.
Gorky’s house is modern styled. It’s known among Muscovites as the house with beautiful iris mosaics on it.
The museum was created thanks to Nadezhda Alexeevna Peshkova, a widow of Gorky’s son, who had been living in this mansion through to 1965. In this house the original Gorky’s library is being kept, like his other belongings as well. The museum employees managed to keep that very interior which Gorky witnessed although many things were gone or destroyed when Ryabushinsky family left the house. By the way, the magnat’s family were Old Believer, and even now the guests may visit the original Old Believers’ chapel located in the attic and stylized like an ancient church. But the main decoration of the house is the famous waved staircase made of Estonian marble which symbolized uneasy situation in Russian society in the beginning of the 20th century.
Nowadays the Gorky’s house has a back entrance. The entrance is completely free of charge although one has to pay for taking photos inside.
4.Cathedral of The Roman Catholic Church of The Immaculate Conception of The Blessed Virgin Mary is one of two Catholic cathedrals in Moscow, and the biggest Catholic cathedral in Russia as well. It was built in the beginning of the 20th century by request of the Roman Catholic counsel of Moscow. Authorities gave their permission, although asked to observe some terms, like, for example, to built this Catholic cathedral far away from the city center and Moscow Orthodox churches.
The construction of Cathedral of The Roman Catholic Church of The Immaculate Conception of The Blessed Virgin Mary took ten years. The money for it was collected by Polish Catholics who lived near Malaya Gruzinskaya street where the cathedral is located and worked for Moscow Smolensk railroad. The new cathedral was built in neo-Gothic style, with massive decoration elements.
In 1938, due to uneasy situation in the country the Cathedral was closed, and a dormitory was organized inside it. During the Great Patriotic War the cathedral suffered from some bombings, when some spires and turrets were demolished. After the war, in 1956, the building was given to ‘Mosspetspromproekt’ research institute, and its interior was completely differed. Only in the end of the 80s Moscow Polish society raised an issue considering cathedral’s return to Catholic church people.
Now the Cathedral of The Roman Catholic Church of The Immaculate Conception of The Blessed Virgin Mary not only has its perish, but also attracts people from all over Moscow who love to listen to organ music. It’s also very beautiful, and it’s always a pleasure to pass by it.
5. Krutitskoye podvorye is located in Tagansky district in Moscow, not very far away from ‘Proletarskaya’ metro station, close to the Moscow River. It seems that this place turns you back in time because inside it looks totally like another era, especially in summer when the leaves are green and there is a lot of blossoming.
‘Podvorye’ is a complex of different types of church buildings, like churches, cathedrals, monastery, hambers, and wooden houses dated back to 19th century, as well. From 1991 it has been also served the Patriarchal Metochion. Krutitskoye Podvorye, or just Krutitsy, is really very old, it was established in the 13th century. Krutitsy were built on the left bank of Moscow river, which is really very steep, that’s why this area is called Krutitsy — ‘krutoy’ means ‘steep’.
Krutitskoye Podvorye has its own great history. Many centuries ago it was surrounded with water from three sides. This area is unique for the fact that close to it another two ancient monasteries are located. They are Novospassky and Simonov monasteries. During the Soviet era podvorye was closed, and the buildings were occupied by military forces. When Krutitskoye podvorye was given back to the Russian Orthodox Church in 1991, restoration began. Now it’s almost a hidden gem located in the city center, near the old Zamoskvorechye district, where visitors can feel old Russian spirit, and almost travel in time.