The New Holland is a unique monument of industrial architecture of the early classicism. The complex of buildings of New Holland is located on an artificial island, limited by the Kryukov and Admiralty Channels and the Moika River. The island was created in 1717, when the construction of canals was completed. Initially, the wood of which the ships were built, was stored in a warehouse next to the Admiralty. The place was called Holland. The Admiralty and Kryukov channels were dug in 1719. Thereby the artificial island of triangular shape was created, where the warehouses were moved. By the idea of Peter I the island became known as New Holland. The most famous part of the ensemble of the island is a giant brick arch of the New Holland, built over the entrance to the channel by French architect Jean-Baptiste Vallin de la Mothe. By his project the arch connected two buildings located along the Moika River Embankment. Under the arch there was a channel situated between the Moika River and the basin-harbor in the center of the island. The building is famous by the Tuscan Columns and highlighted by combination of red brick and hewn granite. The height of the arch is 23 meters, the width of span is a little over 8 meters. In the 19th century the Naval Prison was built by the military architect Alexander Sсhtaubert, and at the end of the 19th century there was constructed a pool for ship testing, where the outstanding shipbuilder Alexey Krylov experimented and worked on the theory of unsinkable ships. During the First World War the island was equipped with the most powerful for that time radio station of the Naval Staff. In Soviet times, the island was a restricted area. There were located the military units. The Island complex consists of several dozen sites, 11 of them are monuments of federal significance. In 2004, it was transferred to the jurisdiction of the city. In late 2004, a fire broke out on the island, which inflicted serious damage to many buildings. In February 2006, there was a competition for the reconstruction of the complex. In preparation for it the Krylovsky pool, the laboratory where D. Mendeleev worked, and the radio station were destroyed. The project with the participation of renowned British architect Norman Foster won the competition for the best investment project. According to the project, the historic buildings of the complex will be used for modern purposes: in the warehouse building there will be a museum, hotels and offices, and a chamber concert hall, designed for four hundred people, will be housed in the Naval Prison. In addition, there will be the Palace of Festivals, for two thousand seats, and an outdoor amphitheater for three thousand people.
Excursions with New Holland
A relatively young city, St. Petersburg was founded in 1703, and has been playing key role in the history of Russia ever since.
Our sightseeing tour will acquaint you with the main architectural and historical monuments of Saint Petersburg. You will