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The Spit of Vasilievsky Island, Saint Petersburg

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City photos The Spit of Vasilievsky Island
City photos The Spit of Vasilievsky Island
City photos The Spit of Vasilievsky Island
City photos The Spit of Vasilievsky Island
City photos The Spit of Vasilievsky Island
The Spit of Vasilievsky Island in St. Petersburg is one of the main and most fascinating architectural ensembles of the Northern Capital, an example of harmony of architecture with the landscape of the Neva River. This is one of the most favorite places of St. Petersburg citizens and tourists. When Peter I laid out the Peter and Paul Fortress on the Hare Island, he wanted St. Petersburg to become the naval fortress and trading center. But because of the shallow water the port at Petrogradskaya Side could not been developed and it was decided to move it to Vasilievsky Island. The Eastern Cape of the island, where the Neva River is divided into the Grand Neva and the Small Neva, was named the Spit of Vasilievsky Island. Peter I planned to do it a business and commercial center. For the purpose of making the Spit of Vasilievsky Island a business and cultural center, architect Domenico Trezzini developed a project according to which it was supposed to create the area that would be the main city square and where the Twelve Collegia building would be located. There was constructed an extended building consisting of 12 identical parts, with length of 400 meters, limiting the square from the west. There were 10 ministries, the Senate and the Synod in the building. After the moving of the seaport to the Spit of the Vasilievsky Island in the 1720s, in the northern part of the wooden building there appeared the Stock Exchange building and Customs. In 1885, the port was transferred to Gutuevsky Island as new ships with a deep draft could not come into the Neva River. The central building of the architectural ensemble of the Spit of Vasilievsky Island was the Stock Exchange building, designed in the Classicism style by the French architect J.-F. Thomas de Thomon. The Stock Exchange Building resembles an ancient Greek temple and represents a rectangle on a high granite base, decorated on all sides with strict marble columns. The facade of the Stock Exchange building on the side of the Neva River is decorated with the sculpture “Neptune with Two Rivers”, and on the other side — with the sculpture “Navigation with Mercury and Two Rivers”. Since 1940, there has been located the Central Naval Museum. To create a harmonious ensemble in front of the Stock Exchange building there was constructed an artificial mound with a semi-circular area, which moved out the Spit of Vasilievsky Island for a hundred meters to the Neva River. There was created the effect of contrast of the Stock Exchange and the strong horizontal line of the granite embankment of the Neva River. The created conch was used as the front pier seaport. The gentle declivities to the water were decorated with giant granite balls, and the wall of the embankment — with the lion masks. There are two massive pillars on both sides of the Stock Exchange Square, which served as beacons at the entrance to the port. Their height is 32 meters. The columns are decorated with the bows of the ships — the rostra and anchors. There are enormous figures representing four Russian rivers — the Volga, Dnieper, Neva and Volkhov at the base of the columns. The Rostral Columns are a symbol of power of Russia as a naval state.

Excursions with The Spit of Vasilievsky Island

Saint-Petersburg is often referred to as Venice of the North. Like the Italian city, the Northern capital of Russia boasts wondrous architecture, splendid museums and vibrant lifestyle. Born from the sea foam and specifically designed as a gateway of

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Get a glimpse of what St. Petersburg looked like more than 300 years ago during our 4-hour city tour with a visit to Peter and Paul’s fortress. Our City Tour provides a unique opportunity to get familiar with one of the most beautiful cities in Euro

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Explore one of Europe’s most beautiful cities and visit one of its most picturesque sights. You’ll see magnificent Nevsky Prospect, beautiful views of rivers, channels and bridges of “Venice of the North”, marvelous cathedrals, splendid palaces of t

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Do not miss your chance to get a first glance at the stronghold of Empire ambiance, the royal city of St. Peterburg. During our city tour you will have a look at its prominent sights and monuments, elegant ships cruising under massive brigdes of Neva

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A relatively young city, St. Petersburg was founded in 1703, and has been playing key role in the history of Russia ever since. Our sightseeing tour will acquaint you with the main architectural and historical monuments of Saint Petersburg. You will

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St. Petersburg occupies the first place in Russia and one of the leading places in the world for the number of bridges. The elegance of the draw bridges can be compared only to the beauty of the city architectural ensembles. The bridges of St. Peter

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